Wednesday, November 16, 2011

Auctions: The Past, Present and Future

Auctions: The Past, Present and Future

“Auction” derives from the Latin word “Auctus” which means “increasing”.
Babylon  500 B.C.
The First Auctions
          Women were auctioned off as wives
          The descending method of sale was used
          Returns were allowed
          Dowries and other offers were added for less attractive women
          It was considered illegal to allow a daughter to be “sold” outside of the auction method
Rome 30 A.D.
          Rome was the first nation to license auctioneers.
          Marcus Aurelius sold family furniture at auction to satisfy debts.
          Roman soldiers sold war plunder at auction.
          The “Magister Auctionarium” drove a spear into the ground to start the auction. Today auctioneers use a gavel to start auction.
          One of the most significant historical auctions occurred in the year 193 A.D. when the entire Roman Empire was put on the auction block by the Praetorian Guard.
          On March 23 the Praetorian Guard first killed Emperor Pertinax, then offered the empire to the highest bidder.
          Didius Julianus outbid everyone for the price of 6,250 drachmas per guard.
          This initiated a brief civil war and Didius was beheaded two months later when Septimus Severus conquered Rome.
Stockholm Auction House
          Founded in 1674, Stockholms Auktionsverk is the oldest auction auction house still in business.
          Founded by Baron Claes Rålamb

England
In some parts of England during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries auction by candle was used for the sale of goods and leaseholds.
The auction began by lighting a candle after which bids were offered in ascending order until the candle sputtered out. The high bid at the time candle extinguished itself won the auction.

Post French Revolution
At the end of the 18th century, auctions came to be held in taverns and coffeehouses to sell art.
Auctions were held daily and catalogs were printed to announce available items. Many considered the auction catalogs art in themselves as they were very elaborate and detailed.
Sotheby’s Auction House was founded in 1744
Christies Auction House was founded in 1766

Pilgrims 1600s
Popular Early American Auction Items
          Crops
          Imports
          Livestock
          Clapboard
          Tools
          Slaves
          Tobacco
          Fur
          Farms
America’s first president, George Washington, was an avid auction buyer.

Civil War Era
          Colonels auctioned off the spoils of the war
          Only officers of the Colonel rank could conduct auctions of war plunder
          Today, Auctioneers are commonly referred to as “Colonel”

1900s
          Auctions schools start to open in America
          The Jones’ National School of Auctioneering and Oratory is believed to be the first American auction school
Great Depression
During the Great Depression auctioneers traveled the country to liquidate the estates of farmers whose farms had failed because of drought and bank foreclosures.

1950s
          The sale of goods and real estate by the auction method of marketing was booming
          The need for real estate and personal property to be sold faster than the private market moved auctions to the forefront and the modern auction business was born
          Auctioneers began to be linked to banks, attorneys, accountants, the court system, and government agencies to liquidate property, seized assets and surplus property

Auctions Today
          The live auction industry continues to grow in the United States and if it can be sold, its been sold at auction.
          In 2002, the auction industry sold $195.3 billion in goods and services. In 2008, $268.5 billion was sold at auction!
          The fastest growing sector of the live auction industry is real estate. Residential real estate is the fastest with total gross sales increasing 47.7% between 2003-2008.
          The largest sector is automobile auctions with $83.1 billion sold in 2008. 

Technology
          Today’s auctioneer uses a variety of media (i.e. print, billboards, Internet) to reach both buyers and sellers
          With the launch of eBay in 1995, auctions have flourished both live and online
          Auctioneers today use the Internet to both market their auctions, as well as host live, streaming video of auctions where bidders can bid from their computers
Entertainment & Auctions
          In addition to advances in technology and popularity of eBay, auctions are also gaining popularity in mainstream media
          Popular television programs like Pawn Stars, Antique Roadshow, Cash in the Attic, Bargain Hunt, Houses Under the Hammer and Flip That House have both entertained and educated consumers about the many benefits of buying  and selling at auction
                                          SOLD!
(National Auctioneers Association)


Broker/Owner/Real Estate Auctioneer
Continental Realty Inc.
16 Crow Canyon Court Suite 100
San Ramon CA 94583
DRE# 01422589
925-548-5461

2 comments:


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